Go to the website for your Linux distro of preference and download an ISO image document to your computer. Burn the downloaded ISO image to a blank CD-R/DVD-R disk to make a live CD/DVD, or develop a portable USB drive. If you are unable to download the ISO image and burn it to a live CD/DVD or develop a portable USB drive, you can buy a CD/DVD or preloaded USB drive from the Canonical Shop. In the event that you plan to set up Linux side-by-side with Windows by creating a dedicated partition, it is strongly recommended that you defragment your hard drive before proceeding with the next phase completely.
If you plan to wipe your hard drive clean by re-formatting it and setting up Linux in the place of Windows, you can miss this step. Insert the live CD/DVD or bootable USB drive into the computer that you want to run/install Linux. Be sure to be careful if you make any apparent changes to your computer’s BIOS.
FOR NEWER COMPUTERS WITH UEFI: When you have a newer computer with Windows 8, 8.1, or 10 / UEFI, then you can just click here to learn how to install Ubuntu. Follow the instructions from the live CD/DVD and enjoy! OPTIONAL: If you decide to completely replace Windows with Linux on your PC, there are a number of ways that you can re-format and re-partition your hard drive.
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- In the next screen select Create/Modify Partition
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With many Linux distros, such as Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, and Linux Mint, you could have your hard drive re-formatted and re-partitioned automatically by choosing led partitioning while setting up. With this program, the Linux system files/folders and the “/home” folder are positioned within the same partition, which is okay. However, once you feel adept at working with partitions by hand, it surpasses install your underlying Linux system documents/folders in another partition from your /home folder as shown in the picture below. One reason behind this is if you need to re-install your Linux system, you can avoid re-copying all your personal documents, pictures, videos, etc. in the /home folder which can remain intact in an operational system re-install.
If you select this setting, you should devote a minimum of 10 GB to your Linux system “/” (root) partition. In the picture below, the / (main) partitions is sda1 and the /home partition is sda2. The sda3 partition is reserved for the linuxswap, which can be an overflow for RAM if needed; getting a swap partition is more necessary on older hardware with limited RAM. Macs manufactured since 2006 use Intel potato chips and can run the same variations of Linux as typical Windows PCs.
However, pre-Intel macs such as the PowerPC have processors with a different architecture, which requires different versions of Linux. Not absolutely all distros have these PowerPC-compatible versions, but some do have them fortunately. When installing from a live CD, remember that to be able to obtain a Mac on top of that from the CD/DVD drive, you must hold down the “C” key while starting the computer. PowerPCDownloads – Ubuntu Wiki.
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